Demographic Reports

UK whites a minority in London classrooms
Evening Standard 28.09.07

White British-born children are now the minority in many London schools, official figures showed today.
In Tower Hamlets, 15 per cent of primary school pupils are classed as white British, while 63 per cent of their classmates come from Bangladeshi families.

In Newham, just under 12 per cent of primary pupils are white British, while the figure in Brent's secondaries is seven per cent, compared with 36 per cent who are classed as Asian, and 24 per cent black. Outside London, areas with the highest concentrations of ethnic minority pupils included Bradford, where 53 per cent of the primary school children are classed as white British.

In Blackburn and Manchester, less than 60 per cent of primary pupils were white British and in Birmingham the figure was 43 per cent. In Leicester, 41 per cent were white British, compared with 38 per cent of primary pupils who were Asian.

Nationally, 21.9 per cent of primary school children were from ethnic minority backgrounds, up from 20.6 per cent last year. There was a similar rise in secondary schools.

The number of primary school pupils who do not speak English as their first language increased by about seven per cent on last year's figures to 447,000, or about one child in seven. Figures at secondary level showed a similar rise in pupils not speaking English as their first language to 342,000 in total.


'Diversity is city's strength'

Monday, January 04, 2010

Population changes are more rapid in Bristol's nursery and primary schools than in the rest of the city. 

What are the latest figures?

The schools census for 2008 showed that 22.8 per cent of pupils were from black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds compared with 11.9 per cent in the population as a whole, while 27.4 per cent were from non-white British origin. Black Somali pupils make up 3.8 per cent of the total and white Eastern European pupils 1.4 per cent.

What is the council doing to respond?

We asked the Institute of Community Cohesion to do some research for us because we wanted to be ahead of the game in recognising the challenges and opportunities of increasing diversity. Its report found that we were already doing some good work in this area, but that a more council-wide strategy was needed.

What might happen if the council does not act?

There are a number of potential risks. Bristol has always attracted large numbers of people from the EU and further afield. One of the risks of the council not acting is that the city will become increasingly segregated. Another is a possible rise in 'white flight', where families take their children out of city schools and educate them in neighbouring areas where the majority of pupils are from white British backgrounds.

What action is being taken?

Bristol has secured an £800,000 Government grant to improve support in schools for newly-arrived children together with increased parental and school staff support.

What are the benefits to Bristol of the increased diversity of its population?

One of Bristol's great strengths is its diversity. Our vision is of a high achieving city where all communities have a sense of belonging and the contributions of all the people are equally valued.


Council opens a statistical Window on Wolverhampton

 Tuesday December 8, 2009

The 2009 edition of  Wolverhampton’s annual statistical report, Window on Wolverhampton, has been published by the City Council’s Policy Team. Window on Wolverhampton 2009 presents a wide range of information using the most up-to-date sources, collated in collaboration with analysts from partner organisations.

As well as containing a wealth of interesting facts, it also reveals a number of improvements to life in Wolverhampton.

For example, it shows that the city’s population, which has been in decline since the 1970s, has increased in 2008 according to the latest estimates. A combination of the influx of newcomers and higher birth rates have been factored in this change. 

Also, Wolverhampton is rapidly becoming a super-diverse city, with more and a quarter of its population (almost 27%) being of minority ethnic origin.


Asian pupils outnumber white children in Birmingham primary schools for the first time

Jan 26 2010, Birmingham Mail

ASIAN children are outnumbering white pupils in Birmingham primary schools for what is believed to be the first time, according to the city council.

The proportion of youngsters aged seven and under with an Asian background stands at 40 per cent against 39 per cent for white children.

The figures are likely to re-ignite a debate about whether and when Birmingham will beat Leicester and Bradford to become the first majority ethnic UK city.

At the 2001 census, 70.4 per cent of the Birmingham population was white and 29.6 per cent a mixture of various ethnic backgrounds dominated by British Asians and African-Caribbean.

Since then various public bodies have attempted to predict when the tipping point will be reached pushing Birmingham’s ethnic minorities into a clear majority. Council education bosses are warning that language difficulties among non-English speaking pupils are continuing to contribute to poor performances by some schools.


Joseph Rowntree Foundation study shows rise in ethnic groups in York

Monday 15th February 2010

IT has traditionally been viewed by many as a WASP city – overwhelmingly white, Anglo-Saxon and Protestant. But new research has shown York to be a very different city in 2010, with the ethnic minority population having more than doubled in the past decade to almost 22,000.

The research, commissioned by the York-based Joseph Rowntree Foundation, also revealed there were now more than 70 different languages being spoken in the city and an estimated 800 migrant workers were currently employed in York.

The figures have been revealed in the report Mapping York’s Rapidly Changing Minority Ethnic Populations, which was published today following six months of research by Professor Gary Craig, visiting professor at the University of Durham.

Prof Craig, who lives near York, said the city’s population make-up had changed a great deal since the last census in 2001, but very little had been known about it.

He said: “This research will provide a clearer understanding and will help organisations in the city understand the local population better. “It will also enable policy-makers and service-users to consider what needs to be done to provide better services across minority ethnic communities in York.”

Prof Craig said an increase in the number of migrant workers coming to York from Eastern Europe, foreign students coming to study at the University Of York and children born to ethnic minority people were all factors in the changing picture.

The report is expected to be useful for organisations working with and allocating funding to minority ethnic groups in York. Local authorities throughout the country will also be able to use the report to learn from the research methods and carry out similar studies in their areas.

Anne Harrop, director of research and policy at the foundation, said: “The report highlights the huge change in the city’s population and suggests the city is much more ethnically diverse than originally assumed.
“The research will help organisations provide a more accurate, targeted, service for York’s minority ethnic groups and communities.We hope it will also encourage appropriate changes to be made to reflect the true make up of York and celebrate its diversity.”


UK poised to have first White-minority cities

In a development that many British people are believed to be watching with misgivings, Leicester will soon be the first big city in Britain where Whites will soon become a minority. And Birmingham with its population of nearly a million will be next. In fact some academics in Birmingham are claiming they will beat Leicester to it.

Counting in terms of boroughs, the first in the country to have non-White majority will be Brent, that includes the Indian-heavy Wembley and Newham in east London with its large Pakistani population. Boroughs are divided into wards and some wards are more than 90 per cent non-White already. 

About half the non-White population of Britain is settled in London. Given the migration of White people from London to the countryside in the face of the booming immigrant population, White British people are headed for minority status in London too. 

According to an earlier estimate, White people will become a minority in all of Britain by the turn of the century. 

In Birmingham, 41.2 per cent of schoolchildren are already non-White. In Leicester their population is 45 per cent. Leicester is headed to win this particular race with the finishing line set about 15 years from now, according to local city council projections. Birmingham had a population of 901,000 in the last census in 1991 and Leicester 270,500. Leicester had the largest non-White population at 28 per cent, followed by Birmingham with 21 per cent, London with 20 per cent and Bradford with 19 per cent. 

The White population of London is now less than what it was at the end of World War II, and the White population has declined in the 12 largest cities. 

The population of non-White schoolchildren shows how fast things are changing. The 2001 census is set to show a dramatic difference already. 

The non-White population grew 40 per cent through the eighties when the population of Britain grew 2.5 per cent. The White population hardly grew over this period. Non-Whites are believed to have grown much faster in the nineties going by schoolchildren population patterns. 

The growth in the non-White children's population is matched by a better performance by non-White children academically, above the national average. Indian origin children outperform others among the non-White population. 

The non-White population in Britain was just more than three million in 1991 in a total population of 57 million. About half the non-White population is Indian, the rest are mostly blacks, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis. The 2001 census is expected to show a sharp growth in the minority population.


Every tenth baby born in UK is of Pakistani or Indian descent

30 Aug 2008

LONDON: Every tenth baby born in UK is of Pakistani or Indian descent, according to statistics provided by the Office of National Statistics.

According to The Telegraph, Of the 649,371 babies born in England and Wales in 2005, 8.6 per cent were recorded as Asian or Asian British, and of Pakistani or Indian descent.

The ONS statistics also revealed that over a third of new babies are foreign or from an ethnic minority, a sign of the changing face of Britain.

It said that just 64 per cent of newborns in England and Wales were registered as "white British".

Five per cent were black or black British, such as Caribbean or African descent. Of the others, 3.5 per cent were registered as "mixed" ethnicity and 2.4 per cent were "other ethnic group", such as Chinese.

The totals from the Office for National Statistics were buried in health figures on birth patterns between different ethnic groups in 2005.

It is the first time such a picture could be drawn as ethnicity has only recently been recorded at birth, says the paper, and it adds that if this trend continues, it is likely to alter dramatically figures from the 2001 Census in which one in eight people said they were not white British.

It comes a week after separate statistics showed that births to foreign mothers have almost doubled since Labour came to power and are set to become the main cause of population growth. 


Four per cent of Bristol schoolchildren are Somali

Wednesday, July 22, 2009

One in 25 pupils in Bristol's schools is Somali, new figures reveal

The number has rocketed from less than one in 500 eight years ago.

It is likely to rise further because the number of births to Somali mothers in the city is also rising rapidly – up from about 60 in 2001 to 270 in 2005.

A report for Bristol City Council describes the 3.8 per cent overall proportion of Somalis in the school population as strikingly high. It points out that the children are clustered in certain schools. Bristol now has nine nursery and primaries where more than a quarter of pupils are of Somali origin, including two where the proportion is more than half. Four secondary schools have more than 10 per cent Somali pupils.

While Somalis are the largest group, Bristol has seen new arrivals from almost 100 other countries since the start of the millennium, notably from eastern Europe.

Less than half the children in schools in inner-city Bristol now come from white British backgrounds, the report reveals.

The Institute of Community Cohesion, which carried out the study at the request of the council, said strong, swift citywide action was needed to cope with the increasing diversity.

The last national census was carried out in 2001 so the information it contains is out of date. The report uses the 2008 pupil information survey of all state schools and National Insurance registrations for non-UK nationals. The study was carried out last year and based on 32 individual interviews and 118 people seen at eight focus groups.

The institute says the changes have created a range of tensions and challenges with potentially serious implications. They report's authors speak of a perceived lack of leadership from the council and say there is a need to make community cohesion not a specialist interest but part of the mainstream "core business" of local authority services.

"There needs to be a systematic, high profile, council-wide commitment to addressing community cohesion in general and the challenges raised by the growing diversity in schools in particular. Without this the situation is likely to deteriorate," the report said.

"Schools are becoming increasingly diverse at a much faster rate than the Bristol population as a whole. Demographic changes have occurred swiftly and without warning in some schools, with potentially destabilising effects. Many of those working in schools, the education service and the council more widely, appear to lack the confidence, knowledge and skill to relate effectively with many black and minority ethnic communities."

Council leader Barbara Janke welcomed the research and outlined a programme of action she said would ensure schools would continue to serve as the foundation for a successful multicultural society.

"One of Bristol's great strengths is its diversity," she said. "Our vision is of a city where all communities have a sense of belonging and diversity is valued. The report says that without rapid and effective action, like many similar cities in the UK, we could find ourselves in a situation where schools are increasingly socially and ethnically divided. We are committed to taking action to prevent this happening."

Batook Pandya, director of Support Against Racist Incidents (Sari), in Bristol, said: "This report is very timely and recognises both the changing demographics in Bristol and that this change is happening very quickly. We all need to respond and implement the recommendations to help communities learn to live with respect and build cohesion for the future. I want to see the issues raised placed at the heart of all our agendas."


White Britons will be a minority in a dozen towns within 30 years

24 December 2007

White Britons will become a minority in a dozen towns and cities within 30 years, a study has revealed.

Record levels of immigration combined with higher birth rates among newcomers will tip the balance between whites and non-whites and create a string of "superdiverse" cities where no single group will form a majority.

The watershed is expected to be reached first in Leicester, where whites will form less than 50 per cent of the population by 2020, followed by Birmingham in 2024, and by Slough and Luton soon afterwards.

London's population will still be 61 per cent white by 2026, although eight of the city's 33 boroughs will be 'plural', with no one group forming a majority, according to the study from the University of Sheffield.

White Britons will become a minority in a dozen towns and cities within 30 years, a study has revealed.

"Britain is becoming ever more plural; our diversity ever more diverse," said Danny Dorling, professor of human geography.

But he said it was becoming harder for experts to generalise about trends because different cities face widely differing experiences.

Leicester, with a large Indian community, has seen its white population fall from 70.1 per cent of the total in 1991 to 59.5 today, and the figure is predicted to fall below a half by around 2020. The city's Indian population is set to rise from 22.9 to 26 per cent over the same period, with the African population increasing from 0.4 to 11.2 per cent. Birmingham has strikingly different predicted trends, with the shift in the balance driven mainly by the growing Pakistani community.

In general immigrant and ethnic minority populations will no longer be dominated by large, distinct Afro-Caribbean or Asian communities, said Prof Dorling.

Instead increasing numbers will come from countries scattered across the world - from Germany to Guyana, from Sweden to Singapore.

Sukhvinder Stubbs, of the Barrow Cadbury Trust which commissioned the study, said:

"Regardless of future immigration patterns, it is just a matter of time until cities such as Birmingham become plural. Even if we prohibited another single soul from entering the country, the trends have already laid root."

Grim reality of why the West's white race is now a dying breed

Thursday, August 21, 2008

We will have to change societal rules devised in the 1960s and 1970s if we are to halt the steady decline in the western population, writes Desmond Fennell
LAST WEEK the news came from the United States that white people will be in a minority there in 2042, eight years sooner than previously predicted, according to US government projections. The reason for this is that in North America, as in Europe, the white population is not reproducing itself.

White women in western societies are producing on average fewer, sometimes much fewer, than 2.1 children per woman - the number of children required for the maintenance of a population. As things stand, therefore, the white race in the West is a dying breed.

There have been many instances of human groups not reproducing themselves, to the point of self-extinction or absorption into larger groups. The most common case has been a previously isolated tribe, when an outside agency has invaded and disrupted its way of life. The set of behavioural rules its members had worked out for themselves, and that made sense to them as a framework for life, gets disordered beyond repair.

They find themselves trying to live by a combination of rules that are partly remnants of their system, partly alien rules imposed on them. This haphazard combination does not make sense to them as a framework for life. So increasingly the will to reproduction flags, because it does not make sense to them to bear children into a senseless life.

It is likely that there is a similar reason for the flagging will of white westerners to reproduce their kind. Their historical background is in European or western civilisation which first took shape around a thousand years ago. That its core set of rules made sense is evidenced by its long endurance and by the mighty will to reproduce which it generated. Westerners overflowed from Europe to populate much of the world.

Then, beginning at the end of the second World War, white westerners, first in the United States, then in America's post-war European satellites, embarked on a great experiment. For the best of reasons - the pursuit of more justice, wealth and empowerment for all - they replaced many of the rules of European civilisation with new rules. Or rather, their democratic governments did this, employing left-liberals as their ethical guides, and enjoying enthusiastic support from the business corporations. 

The main rush of rule change took place in the 1960s and 1970s. Most white westerners, especially the younger generations, have made the new rules their own and have been living by them, or trying to.

The new collection of rules includes some of the old rules. It covers every sphere of behaviour: personal, interpersonal, male and female, parental and juvenile. It comprises, besides dos and don'ts, do-as-you-like rules.

People always assess for sense the collection of rules presented to them as a framework for life. They do so instinctively, drawing on generations of inherited experience. The point I am making is that this new collection of rules which white westerners have given themselves probably does not pass that litmus test. 

Probably it strikes growing numbers of them, deep down, as senseless, and therefore as a life framework which it does not make sense to bear children into.

That would not be surprising, given that it was thrown together in a very short time and based on idealistic theories rather than lived experience.

I have in mind an instructive parallel from the history of the Soviet Union. There, too, led by Russia, an idealistic experiment in rule-making was undertaken, with Marxist-Leninism as the ethical guide. In the latter years of that experiment, Russians noted with dismay an increasing fall in their fertility rate. The prospect appeared that they would become a minority in relation to the growing populations of the Union's Asian republics. In those populations, strong inherited cultures had rendered the impact of the Marxist-Leninist rules much lighter or next to null.

It is unlikely, even if the explanation I am offering for the flagging fertility of white westerners is accepted as valid, that any serious corrective measures will be undertaken. Our post-European collection of rules is the basis on which our successful consumerist system has been built, and everyone in power wants that to continue.

But if the reality were different, and white westerners could act in their own long-term interest, they would institute an authoritative, critical examination of their prevailing rules system. And that would begin - but only begin - by scrutinising the prevailing, "politically correct" rules that bear on women's lives, and particularly on motherhood.


New Zealand MP wants NZ recognized as multicultural

Posted: 2008/06/28

WELLINGTON, June 28 (Xinhua) --

New Zealand's United Future Party leader Peter Dunne wanted the parliament to formally acknowledge the country's status as a multicultural nation, the Newstalk ZB radio reported on Saturday.

He urged the politicians to pass a multiculturalism act, which he said would recognize New Zealand's diversity. Dunne said Canada has a similar law in place, which has given ethnic communities a sense of belonging and identity.

He added a similar law giving formal recognition to the variety of cultures is needed for New Zealand because by 2021, around 40 percent of people will be non-European.

He said it would give protection to ethnic communities and be a clear statement of the role they play. Dunne believed there is support for such laws from multi-ethnic communities, because without it, their position is somewhat inferior.


White newborn babies set to become a minority in the U.S. 'next year'

 11th June 2010

Whites are on the verge of becoming a minority of newborn babies in the United States.

Official census figures show that non-white births, including Hispanics, constituted 48 per cent of children born in America between July 2008 and 2009, up from 46 per cent two years before. Experts said the U.S. could become a 'minority majority' as early as next year, with minority births being greater than whites of European ancestry.

Multi-ethnic New York 

Multi-ethnic New York: Whites are on the verge of becoming a minority of newborn babies in the U.S., according to census figures (file picture)

The reason for the change is the higher birth rate among non-white U.S. citizens - even in the recession, where birth rates fell across all racial groups, non-whites saw a lower fall.

But, as in Britain, the changing make-up of the population has led to tensions and particular concern over the strain it puts on schools and social services.

The state of Arizona recently enacted a law which made it an offence to be an illegal immigrant and allowed police to stop and search anybody they thought did not look like they were from the US.

The census data shows that minorities made up 31 per cent of the US population in 2000 but between July 2008 and 2009 that had increased to 35 per cent.

Among Hispanics, there were around nine births for one death, compared to a one-on-one ratio for whites.

In addition, the median age of the white population is older than that of non-whites so a larger share of minority women are in prime child-bearing years.

Kenneth Johnson, senior demographer at the Carsey Institute at the University of New Hampshire, said the tipping point where 'minority' births become a majority could come as early as next year.

'The question is just when,' he said.

In Britain, the pressure of immigration and rising birth rates fuelled by the new arrivals will swell some southern towns by nearly a fifth over the next eight years, official figures show.

In London, the situation is more extreme where four in ten young people are members of ethnic minorities.

A government report found that more than 700,000 children and teenagers are classed as non-white, around 40 per cent of the age group in the capital.


Our city is growing and changing fast

05 June 2007

PUPILS are currently packing out primary schools in Fir Vale and Burngreave - as the number of young people in the area booms.
School year groups in these parts of Sheffield are set to rise by more than 100 over the next few years, putting pressure on schools that are already close to full. The situation is so serious that education chiefs are planning to spend £14 million on the creation of more space, with new buildings and extensions needed to cope with demand.

In two years time no fewer than 630 new school places will have been created in these adjacent inner city neighbourhoods.

It's a very different story in the north west of the city - as parents of students at Wisewood and Myers Grove secondaries are only too aware. Over the next five years pupils numbers are predicted to fall by 600 - a figure so substantial it has inspired controversial plans to merge the schools, sparking major community protests.

These contrasts in suburbs only a few miles apart provide a stark snapshop of population trends under way throughout the city.

In the five years from 2001 to 2005, Sheffield's population grew by 2,000 people. That growth was created by the addition of 4,750 people from a variety of ethnic minorities - from Irish to African, and from Chinese to Bangladeshi.

But during the same period the white British population around the city fell by 2,750.

The consequences of these trends are tackled in a groundbreaking report to be considered by councillors next week. Put simply, the issues are becoming too important to ignore.

Sheffield has had well established ethnic groups for decades - from the Caribbean, from India and Pakistan, and from smaller countries like Somalia and the Yemen.

But recent years have seen the population palette broaden and expand - with incomers from places like Poland, Albania, Iran, Iraq, Algeria and the Congo.

Meanwhile mixed race youngsters are the fastest growing minority group in the city - a sign, some would argue, of successful rates of integration.

So far Sheffield has mostly avoided racial tensions that in recent years exploded into serious disturbances in communities such as Bradford and Oldham. But city leaders believe there are lessons to be learned - and are determined that a debate should begin on what kind of place the Sheffield of tomorrow should be.

And that debate has implications for every single person in the city.


Wednesday June 6,2007

RACE trouble is being predicted because of an ethnic baby boom in one of Britain’s major cities.
A third of babies being born in Sheffield are to ethnic minority families, an official report has revealed.

This is creating a major population shift in the South Yorkshire city, raising concern among community leaders that simmering tensions could erupt in riots similar to those that have blighted Bradford and Oldham.

Council chiefs fear that unless drastic action is taken, ethnic communities could become increasingly isolated, with Far-Right parties like the BNP becoming increasingly attractive to the city’s disaffected whites.

The latest figures show that 13 per cent of Sheffield’s population of 527,000 is now made up of minorities from all races and backgrounds – including a recent influx of thousands of migrants from new EU countries such as Poland and Romania.

While the city’s white population has declined, the number of migrants has more than doubled in the past 15 years and shows no signs of abating, according to the latest predictions.

A report to be presented to Sheffield City Council’s Cabinet next week warns that action needs to be taken to address the potential strain on community relations this could create. It says that other issues which need to be addressed include segregated suburbs and schools, fair access to housing and more integrated workplaces.

In the past the city has taken a low profile approach to community relations, dealing with individual issues as they arise. But the report recommends the city should abandon that strategy and introduce concrete plans to tackle possible problems, including “twinning” arrangements between schools in different areas.

Moves are also urged to combat high levels of unemployment suffered by some ethnic groups. The minority Labour council   also wants a broader debate on what it means to be a Sheffielder in the 21st century – identifying responsibilities and shared values. These could include a pledge that parents should take an active interest in their children’s education and a promise that all citizens should be able to speak and write English well.

The report believes Sheffield has a head start in moves to promote better community cohesion. It says: “Sheffield has an incredibly strong identity and many people across all communities do feel a real sense of place and pride. There is already a very strong sense of shared values amongst all communities.”

Pupils are currently packing out primary schools in parts of the city where there are large immigrant populations, such as Fir Vale and Burngreave. The situation is so serious that education chiefs are planning to spend £14million on new buildings and extensions.

Sheffield has had well-established ethnic groups for decades – from the Caribbean, India and Pakistan and from smaller countries like Somalia and the Yemen. But in recent years people have also arrived from Poland, Albania, Iran, Iraq, Algeria and the Congo. Mixed race youngsters are the city’s fastest-growing minority group.

From 2001 to 2005, Sheffield’s population was boosted by 4,750 people from a variety of ethnic minorities – from Irish to African and from Chinese to Bangladeshi.

But during the same period the white British population around the city fell by 2,750.


Over 50 per cent of births to non UK-born mums at Luton & Dunstable Hospital

26 August 2008

Latest figures from Office For National Statistics

More than half the babies born in Luton are to foreign mothers, according to figures released by the Office For National Statistics.

A spokesman said 758,000 babies were born in Britain last year. The UK fertility rate is now 1.91 children per woman - the highest level since 1973. In Luton, 51 per cent of births were to non UK-born mothers.

The rising birth rate has fuelled an increase in Britain's population to almost 61 million in 2007, largely influenced by the growing number of women of childbearing age in the country.

The Luton & Dunstable Hospital's head of communication, Barry Mayes, said: "In the last 12 months L&D midwives delivered 5,500 babies. It would be fair to say that the birth rate reflects the high number of people living here from different cultural backgrounds."

He added: "Our first priority is to care for babies and their mothers. We celebrate our cultural diversity in Luton and anyone who is normally resident in the UK is entitled to free NHS treatment, including maternity treatment."


Number who say they are 'white British' in decline

Home Affairs Editor, 13 Feb 2010

The number of people who class themselves as "white British" has dropped by almost 160,000 since 2001 while those who say they are "white Irish" has fallen by more than 60,000.

At the same time, Britons and migrants who describe themselves in any other ethnic minority group have added almost two million to the population, according to official estimates.

The sharp fall is due to emigration and the so-called "white flight" exodus witnessed over the last ten years while immigration has been the main driver in the rise among most other groups.

The figures follow claims earlier this week that the Government deliberately pursued a secret policy, over the same timescale, of encouraging mass immigration for its own political ends and to boost multiculturalism.

The patterns in ethnicity across England and Wales come from an experimental series of estimates drawn up by the Office for National Statistics and are based on self assessment by individuals, both Britons and settled migrants, as to which ethnic group they belong to.

The series, so far, covers the period from 2001 to 2007 and over that time the population increased by 1.7 million to 54 million.

However, those in the "white British" group fell by 159,100 and while "white Irish" dropped by 60,500.

Every other group so numbers rise, include "white other" that saw an increase of 450,900 – or a 33 per cent rise – mostly driven by the large flows of Eastern Europeans following the expansion of the EU in 2004.

Britons or migrants who class themselves as of Indian descent increased by 275,700 while those of "black African" descent grew by 241,700. Proportionately, the largest increase was among those of Chinese descent where numbers increased by 75 per cent, or 175,500.

The fall in the "white British" group was due to large numbers of people leaving the UK. Some 331,400 more people from that group left the country over that period than those who returned. The total drop in overall numbers was only smaller because natural change – the difference between births and deaths – continued to rise. Australia continued to be the most popular destination for emigrants while Spain and America were also popular.

Chris Grayling, the shadow home secretary, said: "All the evidence now is that the Government deliberately encouraged increased immigration for its own political purposes. We will need to control immigration in the future and also make it a real priority to build social cohesion in Britain.”

Sir Andrew Green, chairman of Migrationwatch, said: "This is clear statistical evidence for the change for our society resulting from the Government's policy of mass immigration."

A previously unseen document released earlier this week suggested that Labour's migration policy over the past decade had been aimed not just at meeting the country's economic needs, but also the Government's "social objectives".

The Government has always denied that social engineering played a part in its migration policy.

The existence of the draft policy paper, which was drawn up by a Cabinet Office think-tank and a Home Office research unit, was disclosed last year by Andrew Neather, a former adviser to Tony Blair, Jack Straw and David Blunkett.

He alleged at the time that the sharp increase in immigration over the past 10 years was partly due to a "driving political purpose: that mass immigration was the way that the Government was going to make the UK truly multicultural".

Alan Johnson, the Home Secretary, has dismissed the claims as "hyperventilating nonsense" and said any suggestions there was an "open door" immigration policy were "mythical".


Immigration puts Birmingham in Euro spotlight

Apr 21 2008 
By Tom Scotney

The eyes of Europe are on Birmingham as it becomes the continent's first ethnic majority city, Britain's equalities chief has said.

Speaking at the same Birmingham hotel on the 40th anniversary of Enoch Powell's 'rivers of blood' speech, Trevor Phillips called for a fresh debate on immigration which he said was vital for the country's economic future.
And he described how he thought Birmingham's unique ethnic make-up would eventually be the model for the majority of large cities in Europe.

Mr Phillips, chairman of the Equalities and Human Rights Commission, described the prospect of ethnic minorities becoming the majority of Birmingham's population as "a very very big deal".

He added: "I think it's a very important issue. It's important because in Europe this won't happen in the way it has happened in America, where one lot of people takes over from another. There will be a lot of groups of different ethnicities, and that is going to take a new kind of thinking. This is what most European cities in 15 or 20 years' time will look like, and that's why I'm so interested in what's happening in Birmingham."

Calling for a new debate on immigration laws, Mr Phillips said mass immigration had led to a 'cold war' between ethnic communities in Britain, and failed immigration policies risked nurturing racism.

He also invoked the memory of Warwick University student Kevin Gately as an example of how disputes between communities had affected him personally. Mr Gately was killed in 1978 while protesting at an anti-racist demonstration in London, after students were urged into action by Mr Phillips, head of the NUS at the time. Mr Phillips said he still felt some personal responsibility for Mr Gately's death.

But despite the social problems that he said immigration created, Mr Phillips said immigrants were a 'tide of talent' that had contributed hugely to life in Britain, and were indispensable to the country's economy.

Making his speech at the Burlington Hotel in Birmingham, where 40 years ago Enoch Powell called for the suspension of all immigration, Mr Phillips said the UK would become "an economic backwater" if highly-skilled immigrants were not encouraged by new legislation to come to the UK.

He added: "If we fail, our children and our grandchildren won't be arguing about how many immigrants are coming in, they will be wondering how they can get a work permit into dominant economies like India and China. The real question will be whether we can, as a modern economy, seize the restless tide of talent that is currently sweeping across the globe".

"So far we are lagging behind our competitors. While we cower in fear and fret about whether to admit clever foreigners from other nations, America, Australia and Canada are already sailing on that tide of talent. Managing immigration is not always the same as reducing immigration numbers."

Mr Phillips's comments were welcomed by the crowd at the speech, which took in representatives of many local faith groups, charities and public bodies.

Digby, Lord Jones of Birmingham, said: "We are built on immigration, we are a race of bastards. Birmingham is the youngest city in Europe, because we are founded on immigration."

And as the Aston Villa players were beating their Birmingham rivals 5-1 just up the road, Mr Phillips said the Premier League could be an example of how managed immigration could be a success.

He said: "Nobody asks where players come from, only what they bring. The shared desire to win means players make compromises for the common good. The fact we have found players in our game does not make our home-grown players less bankable. None of this happens by accident. There has been control and regulation."

Muslim population 'rising 10 times faster than rest of society'

January 30, 2009

The Muslim population in Britain has grown by more than 500,000 to 2.4 million in just four years, according to official research collated for The Times.

The population multiplied 10 times faster than the rest of society, the research by the Office for National Statistics reveals. In the same period the number of Christians in the country fell by more than 2 million.
Experts said that the increase was attributable to immigration, a higher birthrate and conversions to Islam during the period of 2004-2008, when the data was gathered. They said that it also suggested a growing willingness among believers to describe themselves as Muslims because the western reaction to war and terrorism had strengthened their sense of identity.

Muslim leaders have welcomed the growing population of their communities as academics highlighted the implications for British society, integration and government resources.

David Coleman, Professor of Demography at Oxford University, said: “The implications are very substantial. Some of the Muslim population, by no means all of them, are the least socially and economically integrated of any in the United Kingdom ... and the one most associated with political dissatisfaction. You can't assume that just because the numbers are increasing that all will increase, but it will be one of several reasonable suppositions that might arise.”

Professor Coleman said that Muslims would naturally reap collective benefits from the increase in population. “In the growth of any population ... [its] voice is regarded as being stronger in terms of formulating policy, not least because we live in a democracy where most people in most religious groups and most racial groups have votes. That necessarily means their opinions have to be taken and attention to be paid to them.”

There are more than 42.6 million Christians in Britain, according to the Office for National Statistics, whose figures were obtained through the quarterly Labour Force Survey of around 53,000 homes. But while the biggest Christian population is among over-70s bracket, for Muslims it is the under-4s.

Ceri Peach, Professor of Social Geography at Manchester University, said that the rapid growth of the Muslim population posed challenges for society. “The groups with the strongest belief in the family and cohesion are those such as the Pakistanis and Bangladeshis. They have got extremely strong family values but it goes together with the sort of honour society and other kinds of attributes which people object to,” he said. “So you are dealing with a pretty complex situation.”

Professor Peach said that the high number of Muslims under the age of 4 — 301,000 as of September last year — would benefit Britain's future labour market through taxes that would subsequently contribute to sustaining the country's ageing population. He added, though, that it would also put pressure on housing and create a growing demand for schools. “I think housing has traditionally been a difficulty because the country is simultaneously short of labour and short of housing. So if you get people to fill vacancies in your labour force you also need to find places for them to live,” he said.

Muhammad Abdul Bari, general secretary of the Muslim Council of Britain, predicted that the number of mosques in Britain would multiply from the present 1,600 in line with the rising Islamic population. He said the greater platform that Muslims would command in the future should not be perceived as a threat to the rest of society.

“We each have our own set of beliefs. This should really be a source of celebration rather than fear as long as we all clearly understand that we must abide by the laws of this country regardless of the faith we belong to,” he said.

The Cohesion Minister, Sadiq Khan, told The Times: “We in central Government and local authorities need to continue our work to ensure that our communities are as integrated and cohesive as possible.”

Growing numbers

The total number of Muslims in Great Britain:

2004: 1,087,000

2005: 2,017,000

2006: 2,142,000

2007: 2,327,000

2008: 2,422,000

Source: Labour Force Survey

Muslim Europe: the demographic time bomb transforming our continent

The EU is facing an era of vast social change, reports Adrian Michaels, and few politicians are taking notice 



2001 Census reveals changing face of Britain

14 February 2003

Britain's slow emergence as a "rainbow nation" was vividly described yesterday as findings from the 2001 census showed parts of London have a non-white majority for the first time.

The biggest poll of the people of the United Kingdom found ethnic minority communities number more than 4,635,000 and make up 9 per cent of the population in England, compared to 6 per cent in the census of 1991. In the east and west, 56 local authorities are 99 per cent or more white.

In the east London borough of Newham, more than 60 per cent of people are from non-white backgrounds, as are 54.7 per cent of inhabitants of Brent, in the north-west of the capital. Leicester, where the white population is 63.9 per cent, look as if it will be the first British city with a non-white majority.

The figures are likely to be used by anti-immigration campaigners to suggest lax border controls are contributing to rapid and unsettling changes in the make-up of the population.

But race relations experts welcomed the findings for showing that the scale of immigration to Britain was far less than many people had been led to believe.

Churches were also delighted with the census findings, which suggested 72 per cent of people aligned themselves to the Christian faith. The Bishop of Lichfield, the Rt Rev Keith Sutton, said this was a "wake-up call" for the Church. "These figures prove as a lie claims by the National Secular Society and others that England is no longer a Christian country," he said. "The Christian faith is still relevant to many, many people."

The Muslim Council of Britain said the news that Islam had more than 1.5 million followers in England and Wales, more than 3 per cent of the population, was a "landmark event".

But the poll also produced shocking findings, that Britain was struggling to come to terms with the pressures of an ageing population and chronic levels of long-term sickness in its former industrial heartlands. It showed divisions in British society have not lessened, but merely changed. It uncovered stark contrasts between communities in different parts of the country, in wealth, health and ethnic make-up.

The census uncovered more evidence of the breakdown of the traditional family structure. At a briefing in central London, John Pullinger of the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said that – for the first time in census history - married couples lived in a minority of households.

The census provided clear evidence of the ageing of the England and Wales population, with a 3.4 per cent increase in the number of people aged 65 and over since the last poll in 1991. Households made up solely of pensioners were almost a quarter of the total in England and Wales, increasing to 27 per cent in the south-west. In Christchurch in Dorset, 40.6 per cent of households were occupied by senior citizens.

The demographics in Britain's most racially-diverse borough, Newham, were very different, with 37.5 per cent of households having dependent children and 17.5 per cent with under-fives.


Europeans' flight from Europe 
June 6, 2007

Last year more than 155,000 Germans emigrated from their native country. Since 2004 the number of ethnic Germans who leave each year is greater than the number of immigrants moving in. While the emigrants are highly motivated and well educated, "those coming in are mostly poor, untrained and hardly educated," says Stephanie Wahl of the German Institute for Economics.

In a survey conducted in 2005 among German university students, 52 percent said they would rather leave their native country than remain there. By "voting with their feet," young, educated Germans affirm that Germany has no future to offer them and their children. As one couple who moved to the United States told the newspaper Die Welt: "Here our children have a future in which they will not have to fear unemployment and social decline." There are two main reasons why so-called "ethno-Germans" emigrate. Some complain that the tax rates in Germany are so high that it is no longer worthwhile working for a living there. Others indicate they no longer feel at home in a country whose cultural appearance is changing dramatically.

The situation is similar in other countries in Western Europe. Since 2003, emigration has exceeded immigration to the Netherlands. In 2006, the Dutch saw more than 130,000 compatriots leave. The rise in Dutch emigration peaked after the assassinations of Pim Fortuyn and Theo van Gogh. This indicates that the flight from Europe is related to a loss of confidence in the future of nations which have taken in the Trojan horse of Islamism, but which, unlike the Trojans, lack the guts to fight.

Elsewhere in Western Europe immigration currently still surpasses emigration, though emigration figures are rising fast. In Belgium the number of emigrants surged by 15 percent in the past years. In Sweden, 50,000 people packed their bags last year -- a rise of 18 percent compared to the previous year and the highest number of Swedes leaving since 1892. In the United Kingdom, almost 200,000 British citizens move out every year.
Americans who think that the European welfare state is the model to follow would do well to ponder the question why, if Europe is so wonderful, Europeans are fleeing from it. European welfare systems are redistribution mechanisms, taking money from skilled and educated Europeans in order to give it to nonskilled newcomers from the Third World.

Gunnar Heinsohn, a German sociologist at the University of Bremen, warns European governments that they are mistaken if they assume that qualified young ethnic Europeans will stay in Europe. "The really qualified are leaving," Mr. Heinsohn says. "The only truly loyal towards France and Germany are those who are living off the welfare system, because there is no other place in the world that offers to pay for them... It is no wonder that young, hardworking people in France and Germany choose to emigrate," he explains. "It is not just that they have to support their own aging population. If we take 100 20-year-olds [in France or Germany], then the 70 [indigenous] Frenchmen and Germans also have to support 30 immigrants of their own age and their offspring. This creates dejection in the local population, particularly in France, Germany and the Netherlands. So they run away."

On Monday Francois Fillon, the new French prime minister, said that "Europe is not Eldorado," emphasizing that his government intends to curb immigration by those who only seek welfare benefits. "Europe is hospitable, France is an immigration country and will continue to be so, but it will only accept foreigners prepared to integrate," he stressed.

Europe cannot afford to be "Eldorado" for foreigners any longer, because it has stopped being "home" for thousands of its own educated children, now eagerly looking for opportunities to move to America, Canada, Australia or New Zealand -- white European nations outside Europe.

While the fertility rate in France is 1.9 children per woman, two out of every five newborns in France are children of Arab or African immigrants. In Germany (fertility rate 1.37) 35 percent of all newborns have a non-German background.

Paradoxically, fertility rates in Turkey, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, etc., are lower than among immigrants from these countries in Europe. "A woman in Tunisia has on average 1.7 children. In France she has six because the French government pays her to have them," Mr. Heinsohn explains. "Of course, the money was never intended to benefit Tunisian women in particular, but French women will not touch this money, whereas the Tunisian women are only too happy to... For Danish and German women the welfare benefits are too low to be attractive. Not so for the immigrants. So, what we see in England, France, Germany and the Netherlands are immigrant women who take low-paid jobs which they supplement with public benefits. It is not a fantastic income but sufficient for them," he said.

Europe's welfare system is causing a perverse process of population replacement. If the Europeans want to save their culture, they will have to slay the welfare state.

Immigrant baby boom drives up British population by double the rate of previous decade

24th June 2010

Britain's fast-rising population is now close to 62 million, a new official count showed yesterday.

Numbers of people in the country went up by 394,000 to reach 61,792,000 by the middle of last year, the Office for National Statistics said. The increase of 0.6 per cent means the population has been rising steadily since the turn of the Millennium, mainly driven by immigration.

The population is now groing up at twice the rate of the 1990s and three times the speed of increase during the 1980s.

{Population rise: The increase in the UK population has been driven by high levels of immigration, and high birth rate within immigrant groups}

The latest leap in numbers has also been pushed by growing birthrates, the ONS said. It said that 45 per cent of last year's population rise was brought about by immigration and 55 per cent by by 'natural increase' - the greater number of births than deaths.

But the rising birthrate is itself a product of immigration - one in four births last year were to mothers who were themselves born outside Britain.

The country's population rose by 176,000 as a result of migration, down on the previous year by 15,000 as the recession cut numbers of people coming into the country to find work.

But it is still 23 per cent higher than in 2002 when net migration, the number of people added to the population after both immigration and emigration have been counted, stood at 143,000.

The ONS believes that continuing high levels of immigration means the population will hit the politically-sensitive 70 million level in 2029.

Ministers repeated yesterday their promise to slash the number of immigrants.

Immigration Minister Damian Green said: 'We believe that immigration has been far too high in recent years, which is why the new Government will reduce net migration back down to the levels of the 1990s - to tens of thousands rather than hundreds of thousands.

'Over the coming weeks and months the public will see us tackle this issue by introducing a wide range of new measures to ensure that immigration is properly controlled, including a limit on work permits, actions on marriage and an effective system of regulating the students who come here.'